Chansi jin literally means silk reeling energy (imagine a silk worm turning
and spiraling within its cocoon). Silk reeling exercises help loosen the joints and exercise muscles to release jin through
spirals and circles. Silk reeling is characteristic of Chen Style.
Silk reeling exercises practiced by themselves center on loosening 18 major
joints of the body working from the neck down to the ankles. The casual observor will note only external
movements, but internally the practioner is using their Yi (Mind) to channel qi throughout the body through the meridians
Stand relaxed feet shoulder width apart, shoulders relaxed, eyes forward and breathing
naturally. Each exercise ends by quiding qi into the dantian through circling the hands up and down bringing qi into
the yintang (upper dantian) and guiding into the middle dantian.
The following exercises, I learned from my Sifu Wong Wai Yi (Tony). They
were developed by Grandmaster Feng Zhiqiang over the course of his martial art experience of some 50 years and closely reflect
the Hunyuan philosophy of mixing circles.
Silk reeling energy is expressed in and used to train the 8 energies of peng, lu, ji,
an, cai, lie, jou and kao. Each exercise is repeated a minimum of 9 times on each side (left/right) followed by 3 movements
drawing qi into the dantian.
30 Silk Reeling Exercises
1. Turning the head
2. Revolving the neck
3. Revolving the shoulders
4. Strike the shoulders to the front and rear
5. Left and right arm chan si
6. Left and right arm spiraling chan si
7. Double arms spiral chan si
8. Double arms shun ni chan si
9. Double arm diagonal opening and closing chan
10. Double arm straight spiral up chan si
11. Double arm straight spiral down chan si
12. Double arm straight spiral forward chan si
13. Double arm straight spiral backward chan si
14. Double arm straight spiral horizontal chan si
15. Left up right down spiral chan si
16. Right up left down spiral chan si
17. Double arm opening and closing chan si
18. Double elbow opening and closing chan si
19. Left and right elbow shun ni chan si
20. Twisting the wrist left and right
21. Double twisting wrists
22. Left and right spiral punch
23. Rotating the abdomen and kidneys
24. Rotating the waist
25. Spiraling the waist
26. Left and right knee spiral
27. Double knee spiral
28. Left and right chan si side kick
29. Twisting the foot left and right
30. Golden cock shakes its wing
The above description is
not intended to comprehensively list or represent all silk reeling exercises.
Upon casual observation, the silk reeling exercises appear to be soft aerobics, for stretching
exercises for bones, muscles, and tendons of the practitioner. But for correct performance, they must utilize
Taiji principles and with right effort qi will be channeled throughout the body. This in turn will physically and mentally
relax the body.
Silk reeling exercises must be taught by a qualified instructor, who
knows the theory of these exercises so the essential quality of these exercises can be obtained. These exercises must be practiced
correctly to prevent body injury.